San Lorenzello

Journey to the city of ceramics

Location

San Lorenzello is a small village in the province of Benevento, it borders the municipalities of Castelvenere, Cerreto Sannita, Cusano Mutri, Faicchio, Guardia Sanframondi, San Salvatore Telesino, and is crossed by the Titerno river. Its historic center is located on the slopes of Mount Erbano, 1,385 meters high.



Not to be missed

San Lorenzello has been a well-known ceramic production center for centuries, it is rich in evidence of industrial archeology where along the banks of the Titerno river you can in fact notice the remains of a mill and various structures that were used for the treatment of clay and precisely for ceramic processing.

The historic center is characterized by narrow streets in which the religious buildings and the 18th century Palazzo Massone stand out, of great historical – artistic – environmental interest (declared by the MIUR with decree of 11 March 1969).

Like other places of interest we have located along the Via Regia, on the banks of the Titerno river, the San Sebastiano park which houses the “City of Dinosaurs“, an educational park. Inside there are fifteen full-scale fiberglass reproductions of dinosaurs also set in the life situations of the period and almost at the top of Monte Erbano there is the equipped location “Valle Santa” from which you can admire a wide and suggestive panorama of the Telesina and Titernina valleys.

A bit of History

San Lorenzello was historically founded by some refugees who escaped the Saracen destruction of Telesia in the 9th century. They gathered on the slopes of Mount Erbano where they built the walls and two defensive towers located one near the ancient parish church and another in via Cesolle.

The town was mentioned for the first time in 1151 when Guglielmo I Sanframondo declared he owned several fiefdoms including Cerreto Sannita with the hamlets of San Lorenzello and Civitella Licinio. From then until the 19th century, the hamlet of San Lorenzello followed the events of Cerreto Sannita and in 1483 it became a possession of the Carafa family who governed these lands until the abolition of feudalism in 1806. The town was called “San Lorenzo Minore” (San Lorenzello ) to distinguish it from the nearby center of “San Lorenzo Maggiore”.

In 1596 it had around 1,600 inhabitants which decreased after the plague of 1656, the earthquake of 5 June 1688 destroyed the town killing 600 people out of 1,000 inhabitants and finally other damage was caused by the famine of 1764, the earthquake of 1805 and the cholera of 1837.

Since 1861 it has been part of the province of Benevento.

Curiosity

According to a legend, San Lorenzello was founded by Filippo Lavorgna in 864 who, having saved himself from the destruction of Telesia by the Saracen invaders, took refuge with his family on Mount Erbano, in the Futa cave. Coming down from the refuge one day he met a group of gypsies where a gypsy as soon as she spotted the young man, insistently proposed to predict his future and in the end Filippo accepted. The gypsy said «Your birth is noble, your features are beautiful, your arm is strong and your heart is generous; you have fled your homeland and your soul is bleeding; your pains are not over… but the star will shine on you, two stars, two eyes of an unfortunate refugee like you, but sweet as honey and beautiful as the sun. You will be with her the founder of a city and your name will remain immortal.” A short time later, a crying young woman, Rosita, arrived at the cave and asked for help because her father had felt ill. Filippo followed Rosita to the refuge where she lived but when he arrived there he found Rosita’s father lifeless. The young man, returning to his cave, found himself faced with a horrible scene: his entire family had been exterminated. The legend ends by narrating that Filippo and Rosina, on the night of August 10th, decided to found a village which they named after San Lorenzo.