Paduli

Centro collinare di origini medievali

Where’s

Paduli is a town in Campania located in the province of Benevento. The town stands near the confluence of the Tammaro and Calore rivers, in the heart of the picturesque Sannio. The municipal territory borders that of Benevento and is a characteristic hill town of medieval origins. Agriculture, tourism and small industry are the main economic activities in the area. In addition, Paduli is crossed by State Road 90 bis, which provides easy access to the city of Benevento, as well as to the cities of Ariano Irpino and Foggia.



Not to be missed

In addition to the reconstructed castle, which boasts corner towers, the historic center of Paduli is home to many fine religious buildings. These include the Mother Church, known as the Church of St. Bartholomew, from the Romanesque period, accompanied by a coeval bell tower, and the Convent of St. Mary of Loreto, a masterpiece by an artist of the school of Luigi Vanvitelli, featuring a beautiful cloister and church.

Other significant religious sites include:

  • Church of St. Nicholas
  • Church of St. John the Baptist
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Church of Piana Ferrara
  • Sacred Heart Church, containing several works by master Mimmo Paladino.

Also highly recommended is a visit to the oil mills of Paduli, which produce excellent PDO-certified oil. A lunch of homemade pasta with meat sauce and barbecued meat paired with salad dressed with the fine oil will surely delight any tourist visiting the town. An excellent opportunity to visit Paduli is during Carnival, which is celebrated every year on Mardi Gras. Visitors can enjoy colorful floats, masks, singing, dancing, theatrical performances, gourmet cuisine and music.

History

Paduli, has a long and complex history dating back to ancient times. In 1022, Paduli was first mentioned in a writing by Emperor Conrad II the Salian. In the late 12th century, the Normans conquered Paduli and fortified it, making it the base for their raids against Benevento. Despite its strategic location, the castle was destroyed by the constable of Benevento, Landolfo della Greca in 1113. In 1137, Roger II, king of Sicily, conquered Paduli, but soon lost it after a defeat suffered by Count Rainulfo. However, the loyalty shown to King Roger allowed Paduli to remain under the direct rule of the ruler and to be exempt from feudal obligations.

With the arrival of the Angevins, Paduli was assigned to Count Errico di Vaudemont of the House of Lorraine. In the 15th century, it was the scene of a battle between Francesco Sforza and Giacomo della Marca, husband of Queen Giovanna II of Anjou. In 1441, it was conquered by Alfonso I of Aragon and given as a fief to Giacomo Carbone, then to Gentile di Montecalvo. In 1592, it was sold to the Caracciolo family and then passed to the Dei Lagni family, the Barone family, the Spinelli family and, in 1609, to Alberico Cybo, prince of Massa, whose successors ceded it in 1726 to Baldassarre Coscia.

In 1809, Paduli was elected capital of a vast district. Subsequently, in 1861, it passed to the province of Benevento. From the 1890s onward, Paduli saw a wave of immigration to the United States. Most of the Padulese emigrants settled in Nassau County, New York, namely Glen Cove, Oyster Bay and Locust Valley. A number of Padulesi also settled in Brooklyn. Today, the historic neighborhood of Paduli, known as “Batulum“, remains largely abandoned and dilapidated.

Curiosities

There are several theories about the origin of the name Paduli and its possible connection to the ancient settlement of Batulum. The most accepted theory suggests that the name “Batulum” mutated into “Padulum,” which in Vulgar Latin means “marsh.” From this term derives the Italian word “padule,” the plural of which is “paduli.” The identification of Paduli as Batulum derives from the presence of a hilly, marshy environment that both areas occupied. The first confirmed mention of Paduli records the town’s name as “Padule.”
In addition, the Italian settlement of Colle Sannita, located about 10 miles from Paduli, retains an ancient name for the area of Benevento called “Padula,” which also means “marsh.” A second theory suggests that Paduli originated from the genitive declined form of Batulum – Batulī.

Paduli is also known for the production of excellent PDO oil.

In addition, Paduli is the hometown of Domenico Paladino, also known as “Mimmo,” an Italian artist, painter, sculptor and engraver.

Patronal festival of “San Rocco da Montpellier.”

Tour del centro storico